THREE JUDGES SCORE
ROUND WINNER GETS 10 POINTS
OPPONENT GETS 9 OR LESS
3 ROUNDS x 3 MINUTES + EXTRA ROUND
3 KNOCK-DOWNS RULE IN A ROUND
LEG GRABBING AND 1 PUNCHE ALLOWED
WHEN GRABBING 1 KNEE ALLOWED
These “W5 Rules” lay down the conditions and procedures of holding W5 world version champion and elimination professional fights.
Professional fights are overseen by a W5 representative appointed by the head of this organization in compliance with these “W5 Rules.
Participants of champion and elimination
W5 World Professional Champion title fights and elimination professional fights are held in 14 weight categories:
Each professional athlete has to get in the ring to fight in clean and neat attire:
In the weight categories of 51 kg – 70 kg inclusive
Professional fights are to be held in 8-ounce gloves. In other categories, fights are to be held in 10-ounce gloves. The gloves have to be clean and flawless. Only laced gloves are to be used. It is forbidden to remove padding in them. The referee estimates if gloves are fit. Title fights are necessarily to be held in new gloves.
It is allowed to use ankle guards, dry wrist wraps and adhesive plasters.
A gum shield or a teeth protector has to be necessarily used.
A bandage has to be necessarily used.
Athletes are forbidden to engage in a professional fight wearing ornaments, necklaces, Thai paraphernalia and other accessories.
A female kickboxer has to wear a short-sleeved t-shirt and a well-fitted chest protector. It is recommended to wear a groin protector (bandage). Hairpins are forbidden; rubber bands and tapes are to be used instead to fix hair.
Hands are to be taped without using plastic, polyvinylchloride and other rigid materials. When strapping hands, soft bandages and adhesive plasters are allowed to be used. Phalanges adjoining palms are allowed to be taped.
Professional kickboxers are ranged on the W5 rating list according to the results of professional fights conducted. The W5 rating list is to be compiled by the rating commission determining the positioning of kickboxers and the best kickboxer in each weight category. The results obtained in amateur competitions are not to be taken into consideration.
Obligations and rights of a professional kickboxer
Participant of the match shall:
Know and fully comply with the “W5 competition rules” and terms and conditions of the professional fight contract.
Submit to the Jury personally or through their representative: the kickboxer’s licence, permit for participation in the competition and supplemental medical insurance policy. Should the above-said documents be missing, all liability for the negative consequences of the fight shall attach to the athlete himself/herself or herself, their coach or representative. At the same time, the athlete shall confirm his/her responsibility for these consequences in writing. The contract may specify penalties for the failure to submit the above-said documents.
Undergo a test for doping at the request of the chief doctor of the match or a W5 representative.
Begin the fight as soon as the gong sounds; stop the fight upon the referee’s command “stop”; proceed the fight upon the command “fight”; step backwards upon the command “break” and only after that proceed the fight not waiting for any other commands.
If the opponent is knocked down, immediately step back to the neutral corner at the count of “one” and stay there facing the centre of the ring until the referee gives the command to proceed the fight.
Before starting a fight and before the last round, shake hands with the opponent.
Be self-possessed and regardful; show respect for his/her opponent, judges, referees and spectators.
Participant of the match has no right to:
Use preparations, medicines, stimulators and other substances forbidden hereunder, voluntarily or at someone’s request.
Wet the bandages with water or any other liquid when strapping hands.
Participant of the match has the right to:
Use the three seconds’ services during the interval between rounds.
Address the referee via his/her second during the intervals between rounds.
Apply some Vaseline on the face by assent of the referee.
Each kickboxer has the right to have three seconds, one of which is the principal one and assumes full responsibility for everything done by the fighter and two other seconds at the corners of the ring.
Only two seconds have the right to march on the ring platform, and it is just the chief second who has the right to stay in the ring before the fight, after the fight and during the intervals between rounds before the timekeeper judge’s command given with a whistle or with striking the gong 10 seconds before the beginning of the round.
During the fight the seconds have the right to use water, Vaseline, ice, adrenaline solution in the ratio of 1/1000 or its authorized analogue, gauze wads, cotton wool swabs, adhesive tape or plaster, a towel, soft bandages, scissors with blunt ends and rubdown sponges.
The chief second or his/her assistants have the right to be present in the opponent’s changing room during strapping the opponent’s hands.
The seconds have no right to interfere with the referee’s activities by any means. If the seconds violate this rule, then by the referee’s decision, they may be warned or suspended from the performance of their obligations.
The seconds have no right to help the kickboxer who has been knocked down (knocked out) until the referee asks them to do so.
The chief second has the right to desist from the fight if he/she thinks that the kickboxer’s life is endangered.
W5 code of conduct for judges/referees
A W5 judge/referee, under any conditions, has to remain absolutely calm, composed and self-possessed.
A W5 judge/referee has to be able to focus his/her attention in the course of fighting, not to allow spectators or any other people to distract him/her from refereeing.
The Jury composition:
- W5 representative, match supervisor, chief doctor;
- referee and side judges;
- timekeeper judges;
- informing referee;
- judge (establishing and overseeing order at the corners of the ring);
- match director;
Professional champion and elimination fights are refereed by three side judges and a referee. The tournament supervisor of professional champion fights shall keep a mark slip.
The supervisor (chief judge) shall be appointed by the W5 management and shall be absolutely responsible for holding professional champion title fights and elimination fights in strict compliance with these W5 Rules:
supervision over the Jury;
keeping the final protocol of the match;
scoring the fight and handing over this decision to the ring announcer;
weigh-in of athletes jointly with a W5 representative;
appointing referees and side judges for each fight before the beginning of the competition;
appointing an accompanying judge overseeing the process of taping hands; at that, the bandages and the athletes’ gloves are to be marked;
staying within the technical area next to the ring during the professional tournament;
taking independent decisions unless otherwise provided for by these W5 Rules;
having the right to change the judge’s decision in case he/she disagrees to that decision, and the supervisor’s decision shall be final;
The referee shall officiate professional fights in the ring. The most important and principal task of the referee is securing the athletes’ safety and good health.
The referee shall:
Perfectly know and fully comply with the W5 Rules; be careful to the maximum, be fully concentrated and absolutely unbiased, not intervene in the fight making redundant remarks and stopping fights frequently.
Get all professional kickboxers to stick to the W5 Rules and to comply with the sports spirit of the contest; exercise tight control over conducting a professional fight at all of its stages.
Check the condition of the ring, ropes, mat, corners etc. in order to be able to confirm that the ring is fully prepared for a professional fight.
Ensure that TV cameras and other objects that could impede the contest are moved off the ropes at a certain distance.
Conduct the final brief of kickboxers and seconds; check if gum shields and groin protectors are available, hands strapped well and gloves laced securely.
Take over the professional champion’s belt and hand it over to a W5 representative.
Check if side judges, chief doctor, W5 representative, match supervisor and timekeeper judge are available; after asking the chief seconds and side judges if they are prepared for the beginning of the fight, give a signal to the timekeeper judge about the start of countdown time with the command “time”.
Ensure that the seconds have left the ring and each of the kickboxers is staying in his/her corner ten seconds before the beginning of the next round to be started as soon as a whistle is blown or the gong is struck.
Giving signals in the course of a professional fight, use the following main commands:
“fight” – for the beginning or proceeding the professional fight;
“stop” – for stopping a professional fight immediately;
“break” – an order to the kickboxers to step backwards when clinch each other and proceed the fight after that;
“time” – an order to the timekeeper judge to start, stop or proceed countdown time.
A few seconds before the round is over, approach the professional athletes, ready to give them the command “stop” or, if necessary, separate the kickboxers by force.
During the interval preceding the last round, warn the kickboxers that the next round is the final one in the match.
When a knockdown occurs, the kickboxer who has struck the blow is to be directed to the far neutral corner, and then counting until eight is to be started; stop the counting if the kickboxer does not intentionally go to the neutral corner or leaves it before the command to proceed the fight is given; announce the contestant’s loss by knockout if he/she is unable to rise from the floor by himself/herself at the count of ten.
When counting out the kickboxer in knockdown on the floor, face him/her kneeling with one of your knees on the floor or leaning over the kickboxer for him/her to clearly hear the counting-out.
Should a kickboxer violate the “Rules”, depending on the type and gravity of the offence, give him/her a warning, awarding penalty points to the offending fighter or disqualify him/her.
When awarding penalty points, inform the kickboxer, chief second, side judges, W5 representative and supervisor about that.
Should a contestant lose his/her gum shield, wait until the end of the fight episode; hand over the gum shield to the second for it to be rinsed, and ensure that the gum shield be back in the contestant’s mouth. At the same time, should the contestant intentionally and repeatedly spit out the gum shield, award penalty points to him/her.
Upon finishing the fight, collect the side judges’ scorecards and hand them over to the supervisor.
Referee has the right:
Stop a professional fight at any stage of it and declare the kickboxer the winner via technical knockout as his/her opponent is so much behind the winner in strength and skills that it becomes dangerous for the opponent’s health.
Stop a professional fight at any stage of it if one of the kickboxers picked up an injury because of which, in the referee’s opinion, he/she cannot go on fighting. The injured kickboxer, due to the disqualification of the contestant, shall be declared to be the winner if the blow has been struck intentionally in violation of the W5 Rules. If this injury has been the consequence of an unintentional blow in violation of the W5 Rules, the kickboxer leading in points at this moment shall be declared to be the winner, with awarding one penalty point (– 1) to the kickboxer who has struck the foul blow. If the blow resulting in the injury has been struck pursuant to the W5 Rules, the injured contestant shall lose the match via technical knockout.
Stop a fight at any stage of it if one of the kickboxers got injured as a result of the opponent’s foul blow, but, in the referee’s view can continue fighting; determine if the blow has been intentional or accidental and punish the offender, including awarding penalty points to him/her.
Stop a professional fight at any stage of it if a blow is landed below one of the kickboxers’ waist, but, in the referee’s and chief doctor’s view, the kickboxer can continue the fight; let the injured kickboxer have a rest up to five minutes to restore his/her physical condition; determine if the blow has been intentional or accidental and punish the offender. In case the blow has been unintentional, give a verbal warning to the kickboxer, without stopping the fight.
During the interval between rounds, come up to the kickboxer who has violated the rules of the professional contest and give him/her a verbal warning.
Continue the professional fight after one of the kickboxers was knocked down three times in one and the same round if, in the referee’s opinion, the contestant has not got injured seriously, his/her well-being has not deteriorated and there is a chance for him/her to win.
Stop a professional fight and disqualify the kickboxer who, despite warnings given to him/her by the referee and penalty points awarded, continues to land foul blows on the opponent or violates the W5 Rules in any other way.
Stop a professional fight and call the chief doctor to the ring when a kickboxer gets seriously injured or in any other case if the referee needs the chief doctor’s consultation.
Disqualify the kickboxer and/or the chief second for using unauthorized medical preparations in the course of the match.
Suspend a second from the performance of his/her obligations and/or disqualify him/her or for crippling the kickboxer’s attire between rounds with the purpose of increasing the time of having a rest.
Suspend the chief second from the performance of his/her obligations in case he/she insults the opponent, spectators, Jury and referee.
Referee’s attire and appearance
The attire consists of:
- shirt with the W5 logo;
- dark-coloured trousers;
- waist belt without a buckle;
- dark-coloured heelless barneys or trainers.
The referee has to look neat and tidy, have shortly-trimmed fingernails for the reasons of kickboxers’ safety. Rubber gloves are a must.
When in the ring, it is categorically forbidden for the referee to have any metallic objects: clasp-pins, rings, bracelets, watches and so on.
When officiating a professional fight, the referee has to use token gestures and commands by voice and in all cases be guided by the instruction for referees (Appendix 1).
REFEREE’S DECISION AT ALL THE STAGES OF A FIGHT IS FINAL!!!
Each side judge shall independently assess both kickboxers’ actions and determine the winner pursuant to the W5 Rules.
Upon completion of each round, a side judge shall enter into the scorecard the number of points awarded to each contestant, taking into consideration penalty points given to the kickboxer who violated the W5 Rules. (A sample of filling-in the scorecard is attached in Appendix 2 hereto.)
If in the absence of the fact of deliberate infringement of the W5 Rules, one of the kickboxers cannot continue the professional fight as a result of the injuries he/she got, the side judge has to give the points scored to each kickboxer on the referee’s instruction before the fight stops and determine the winner of the round.
The side judge has no right to talk to the contestants, seconds and spectators before, during and after the fight, but he/she can inform the referee during the interval about the infringements of the W5 Rules he/she has noticed.
The side judge cannot leave his/her seat at the judges’ table before the decision about the result of the professional fight has been announced.
When counting the points and determining the winner of the round, the side judge has to be guided by the instruction for side judges (Appendix 2).
Chief doctor of the match
The chief doctor of the match shall be appointed by the head of the promoting company organizing fights; he/she shall run work done by the medical staff and assume full responsibility for the medical service of all the champion and elimination professional fights. At the chief doctor’s disposal there should be available all materials, apparatus and equipment that may come in handy in the medical staff’s work.
Chief doctor of the match shall:
During the weigh-in process conducted jointly with a W5 representative and the match commissioner, check the contestants’ insurance policies and questionnaires; conduct the medical examination of the match contestants.
Prior to the beginning of a fight, warn the kickboxers and chief seconds about the impermissibility of using stimulators, narcotics, aromatic salts, ammonia spirit and other substances forbidden by these W5 Rules.
Prior to the beginning of a professional fight, ensure that the following is available at the medical staff’s disposal:
- a properly equipped medical room;
- functioning portable life-supporting equipment;
- an ambulance arriving at the match venue one hour before the match begins and finishing its duty one hour after the fights are over;
- a telephone at the ringside to communicate with neurosurgical and traumatology units in the nearest hospital, with which there is an agreement about the potential hospitalization of athletes.
During the fight, should an athlete get a trauma or an injury, give a verdict whether the fight could be continued. In case the fight has been terminated, give medical service to the injured kickboxer.
After a kickboxer has been knocked out, get into the ring; put the knocked-out kickboxer on the left side; undertake a procedure package to bring him/her to life. Should the need arise, call in an ambulance and hospitalize the knocked-out kickboxer.
Make an appropriate entry in the knocked-out kickboxer’s licence.
Chief doctor of the match has the right:
Decide if, by medical parameters, professional kickboxers could be admitted to the match.
At his/her own discretion, get into the ring during the intervals between rounds to undertake the medical examination of the kickboxers; inform the referee about the examination result.
Examine the materials and substances use by seconds in the ring corner; should unauthorized medical preparations be found, confiscate them, about which the referee, supervisor and W5 representative shall be informed.
A timekeeper judge is part of the Jury; his/her main obligation is to ensure that the accurate number and length of rounds and intervals between them be observed. During a professional fight, the timekeeper judge shall report to the referee and act according to the referee’s signals and instructions.
Timekeeper judge shall:
Station in close proximity to the ringside, in the referee’s visibility zone.
Announce the beginning and end of each round with striking the gong.
Ten minutes before the beginning of each round, except for the first one, give a command with blowing a whistle or striking the gong for the seconds to leave the ring.
Give a signal to begin the first round with striking the gong only at the referee’s command.
Give a signal to begin the second and subsequent rounds after the one-minute interval is over, irrespective of the referee’s, kickboxers’ and seconds’ readiness.
Stop keeping time at the referee’s command “time” Turn on the stopwatch and continue keeping time at the referee’s command “fight”.
Give a command with striking the gong ten seconds before the intervak.
At the moment the referee authorizes the kickboxer to have a rest after a foul blow stuck below the kickboxer’s belt, keep time until five minutes is over and report the referee about that; then continue keeping the regular time of the round at the referee’s command.
Not give a signal with striking the gong about the end of the round, except for the last one if one or both kickboxers are in a knockdown at that moment, and the referee is counting him/her out. The gong is struck at the moment the kickboxer rises from the floor and stands upright.
The length of a round is three minutes and two minutes depending on a fight formula. The interval between rounds lasts one minute.
Informing referee (tournament secretary)
The informing referee is part of the Jury and reports to the supervisor and W5 representative.
Informing referee (tournament secretary) shall:
Prepare the kickboxers’ profiles before the beginning of the match.
Form the pairs of competition contestants and inform each athlete in which pair he/she shall fight.
Prepare the final score-sheet.
After the referee briefs the kickboxers in the ring, they are to be introduced to spectators; during breaks between rounds, professional kickboxers’ profiles are to be announced.
Перед началом профессионального боя по указанию представителя W5 объявить состав судейской коллегии (рефери и боковых судей), назначенных для судейства очередной пары кик-боксеров.
После окончания профессионального боя по указанию представителя W5 объявить победителя и характер победы.
С разрешения представителя W5 сообщить зрителям, представителям прессы и телевидения другие сведения об участниках матча, их рейтинге, призовом фонде и т.п.
Prior to the professional fight, at a W5 representative’s instruction, announce the Jury (referee and side judges) appointed to umpire the next pair of kickboxers.
After the professional fight is over, at the W5 representative’s instruction, declare the winner and characterize the win.
With the W5 representative’s assent, announce other details about match contestants, such as their ratings, prize funds and so on.
After the tournament is over, prepare a report on the tournament, place the information on the W5 website, and fill in the rating, statistics reports.
The match manager is part of the Jury and reports to the match commissioner. The match manager shall assume responsibility for the installation of the ring on time, for the preparation of the equipment and event venue, rooms for the contestants, judges, press and medical staff; shall maintain order and discipline at the ringside and ensure normal conditions for holding fights and for the Jury’ work.
ORDER OF PROFESSIONAL CHAMPION AND ELIMINATION FIGHTS
Weigh-in of contestants
The contestants of professional champion and elimination fights are to be weighed in on medical, electronic, automatic scales and scales with weights. Prior to weigh-in scales have to be checked by W5 representatives.
Kickboxers participating in professional title fights are to be weighed in not earlier than 36 hours and later than 8 hours prior to the fights. The exact time of the beginning of weigh-in is to be set by the W5 representative after approving it with the kickboxers’ chief seconds.
During weigh-in each professional kickboxer has to submit his/her licence, medical certificate and insurance policy.
Prior to weigh-in, each kickboxer has to be examined by the doctor and receive authorization to participate in the match, about which an entry is to be made in a contestant’s questionnaire (Appendix 9).
Kickboxers are weighed-in in short pants or naked. A contestant’s exact weight is entered into his/her weigh-in card.
Unless the weight of a kickboxer claiming increase in the rating in a professional elimination fight corresponds to the weight category in which he/she is approved for the match, he/she shall be given time to bring his/her weight to the required norm not later than 8 hours prior to the fights.
If the weight of the kickboxer claiming increase in the rating in a professional elimination fight despite the time provided is beyond the prescribed limits, the fight may take place, but for the overweighing kickboxer it will not be an elimination one.
If the weight of a W5 professional champion is beyond the prescribed limits, he/she is given time for the last control weigh-in to be conducted not less than two hours prior to the match.
If a W5 professional champion’s weight is beyond the prescribed limits when the last weighing in is conducted, he/she is deprived of his/her title right on the scales, nevertheless the fight may take place, but for the ex-champion it will not have the status of the fight for champion title. In this case, if the contender’s weight corresponds to the norm and he/she has won, he/she is declared the new champion; if the match is won by an ex-champion, the title is considered to be vacant.
If the contender’s weight is beyond the prescribed limits when the last weighing in is conducted, but the fight is already going on, the champion retains his/her title whatever the result of the contest is.
If the weight of both kickboxers is beyond the prescribed weight category, the fight may take place, but the W5 professional champion title is not up for grabs.
Number of rounds
A W5 professional champion title fight consists of five rounds three minutes each, with a one-minute break between rounds.
“Four” – four kickboxers of the same weight category boxing the same day, and the W5 tournament winner is selected among them. Professional fights of the “four” for the W5 professional champion title consist of three rounds, three minutes each, with a one-minute break between rounds and an extra round.
“Eight” - eight kickboxers of the same weight category boxing the same day, and the W5 tournament winner is selected among them. Professional fights of the “eight” for the W5 professional champion title consist of three rounds, three minutes each, with a one-minute break between rounds and an extra round.
W5 professional elimination fights consist of three rounds, three minutes each, with a one-minute break between rounds and an extra round.
An extra round shall be added after the third round to decide on the winner if the contestants reached the equal number of points.
A blow is considered to be correct if it is struck with the frontal part of a closed glove, which corresponds to metacarpophalangeal joints (figure 1).
A blow is considered to be incorrect if it is struck with a knee, shank, ankle-guard or foot.
Blows with hands are allowed to be struck on the front or side parts of the head and on the torso above the belt.
It is allowed to kick with feet on the front or side parts of the head and on the torso, the thigh part of the leg (low-kick) and to trip.
When holding an opponent, it is allowed to kick him/her with knee in a professional fight only one time; not holding an opponent, the unlimited number of times is allowed.
Backfist (a swivelling blow with the right or left hand) is allowed.
Leg grip is allowed; at this, the kickboxer has to strike one of any kicks with the leg, or blows with the hand, or trip the opponent.
Foul blows and infringements of the W5 Rules
Unintentional foul blows and infringements of the W5 Rules, intentional and unintentional character. The referee is the only person who decides if the infringement of the W5 Rules has been intentional or unintentional and award penalty to the kickboxer depending on the gravity of the infringement and the degree of the damage inflicted on the opponent’s health.
Kickboxers are forbidden to:
- strike blows on the back of the head, below the belt, on kidneys, on the back;
- hit blows with the shoulder, forearm, elbow, inner part of the glove;
- strike blows after the commands “break” and “stop”
- strike kicks with the knee in clinch more than one time;
- strike direct kicks on the opponent’s knees;
- step on the opponent’s feet; push him;
- strike blows with one hand and catch hold of the rope of the ring at the same time.
- strike blows on the opponent when part of his/her body is beyond the ring ropes;
- throw or twist the opponent, hold his/her legs or arms;
- grip the leg without a blow or trip;
- grip the opponent’s gloves, arms, legs or head; push or turn back the opponent’s head; rub a glove against his/her face; bite the opponent;
- strike blows on the opponent when he/she is on the floor or rising from the floor of the ring;
- hold the opponent with hands; struggle or press his/her body against the opponent’s one (be in clinch);
- hold the opponent with one hand and strike blows with the other hand;
- turn his/her back or the back of the head on the opponent; run away from him;
- leave the neutral corner without authorization and attack the opponent without the referee’s command;
- fight passively or fictitiously;
- lower the opponent’s torso below the belt for defending or attacking;
- strike blows on the opponent after the gong signal about the end of the round (fight);
- not comply with the referee’s commands;
- insult or scold the opponent;
- spit out the gum shield deliberately;
- use any other tactics or actions than those authorized by these W5 Rules.
Deliberate foul blows and infringements of the W5 Rules.
The kickboxer who deliberately infringed the W5 Rules in the course of a professional fight has to be punished through being awarded penalty points or disqualified. The referee determines penalty taking into consideration the gravity of infringement and gives the side judges the command to award the appropriate number of penalty points to the offender or disqualifies him, about which he/she informs the W5 representative and supervisor.
Should the kickboxer strike a deliberate foul blow resulting in a serious trauma and the immediate cessation of the professional fight, he/she is subject to disqualification.
Should the kickboxer strike a deliberate foul blow on the opponent resulting in a trauma after which the professional fight could be continued, in the opinion of the referee’s and chief doctor of the match, one penalty point (– 1) shall be awarded to him. If later, as a result of striking one more similar foul blow by the kickboxer, the trauma deteriorates and the professional fight has to be terminated, this kickboxer is subject to disqualification.
If the kickboxer got two warnings during the same round for the similar deliberate infringements of the W5 Rules and commits an analogical infringement for the third time, he/she is warned and awarded one penalty point (– 1). Should the kickboxer keep infringing the W5 Rules despite repeated cautions, the referee’s warnings and awarding penalty points to him, he/she is subject to disqualification.
If the kickboxer strikes a deliberate foul blow below the opponent’s belt after which the opponent is unable to proceed the professional fight, the referee sets the duration of the break required for the injured kickboxer to restore his/her physical condition (but not more than five minutes) and awards one penalty point (– 1) to the offender. If afterwards the kickboxer, despite the punishment, keeps striking below the opponent’s belt, he/she is subject to disqualification.
If the kickboxer, having deliberately infringed the W5 Rules, got injured himself/herself, the injury in this case is considered to have been picked up as a result of the opponent’s correct blow.
Unintentional foul blows and infringements of the W5 Rules.
A kickboxer who deliberately infringed the W5 Rules in the course of the fight has to be awarded penalty points (– 1).
If a kickboxer strikes an unintentional foul blow on his/her opponent, and that blow results in a serious injury and immediate termination of the professional fight, such a kickboxer is awarded one penalty point (– 1), and a technical decision is to be made taking into consideration the number of points gathered by the kickboxers by the time the fight had been terminated.
If a kickboxer strikes an unintentional foul blow on his/her opponent, and that blow results in an injury, but, in the opinion of the referee and chief doctor of the match, the professional fight could be proceeded, such a kickboxer is awarded one penalty point (– 1). If afterwards, as a result of striking one more similar foul blow by the kickboxer, the injury deteriorates, and the professional fight has to be terminated, the kickboxer is awarded one penalty point (– 1), and a technical decision is to be made taking into consideration the number of points gathered by the kickboxers by the time the fight had been terminated.
If a kickboxer strikes an unintentional foul blow below the belt, the referee grants a break required for the injured kickboxer to restore his/her physical condition (but not more than five minutes) and punishes him/her by warning. If afterwards the kickboxer strikes one more similar unintentional foul blow below the belt, the referee awards one penalty point (– 1) to the kickboxer who has struck the foul blow. Should a similar infringement happen again, the professional fight has to be terminated, and a technical decision is to be made taking into consideration the number of points gathered by the kickboxers by the time the fight had been terminated.
Knockout and knockdown.
A kickboxer is considered to be in a knockdown state if after the opponent’s blow:
he/she touches the floor of the ring with any part of his/her body, except for his/her feet;
he/she helplessly hangs on the ring ropes;
he/she lies on the floor beyond the ring.
A kickboxer is considered to be in a knockout state if after the opponent’s blow:
he/she is unable to rise from the ring floor at the count of ten;
The kickboxer who has lost by knockout has no right to participate in competitions for two months.
A kickboxer who has been knocked out three times for the last twelve months has to be given a six-month rest. An entry about the knockout has to be made in the kickboxer’s licence and medical certificate.
Determination of the result of the fight
In W5 tournaments a professional fight may end either in a win or a draw of one of the contestants in compliance with the prescribed classification:
– victory on points (P);
– technical victory on points (TVP);
– knockout (KO);
– technical knockout (TKO);
– draw (D);
– technical draw (TD);
– disqualification (DISQ);
– abandonment (AB);
Points are scored by three side judges according to the ten-point system. A kickboxer who wins a round receives 10 points for that round. The number of points received by a kickboxer who loses a round depends on the superiority margin of the winner of a round, but cannot be less than eight points. If a round is recognized to be equal, then each of the kickboxers receives ten points. Scores got by professional fight contestants in each round are fixed by side judges in scorecards. The scorecards on completion of the fight are handed over to the supervisor via the referee, who sums up points after each round on a special form sheet – final protocol of the match and determines the result of the professional fight.
Victory on points (P) is given to a kickboxer who, on completion of the fight, was given more points in total for all rounds by two side judges out of three when compared with his/her opponent.
If a kickboxer got injured (traumatized) as a result of an unintentional infringement of W5 Rules by his/her opponent, and at that, the fight cannot be continued, there are two following options:
technical draw (TD) is declared on condition that at the moment the fight was terminated the score on points was equal or the injured kickboxer has less points;
technical aw (TD) is declared on condition that at the moment the fight was terminated in the first round;
technical victory on points (TVP) is declared on condition that the injured kickboxer has point lead at the moment the fight was terminated.
Win by knockout (KO) is awarded to a boxer if his/her opponent as a result of a blow struck under the W5 Rules:
- lies on the floor of the ring and is unable to rise from it and stand upright at the count of ten;
Win by technical knockout (TKO) is awarded to a kickboxer:
- if his/her opponent as a result of a blow struck under the W5 Rules got an injury after which the referee has to terminate the fight;
- if his/her opponent, after having been in a knockdown state and having risen from the floor at the count of ten, is unable, according to the referee’s opinion to proceed the fight;
- if his/her opponent is considerably behind the winner in strength and skills, is unable to adequately defend himself/herself; lets a lot of hard blows pass, and the continuation of the professional fight becomes dangerous for his/her health;
- if the decision to terminate the professional fight was made during a break between rounds at the demand of the opponent’s chief second, or the referee, or the chief doctor of the match.
Win by disqualification (DISQ) of the opponent is awarded to a kickboxer if:
- if the referee thinks that the foul blow that resulted in a kickboxer’s heavy injury and termination of the fight, was deliberately struck by an opponent;
- if the trauma picked up by a kickboxer as a result of a deliberate foul blow struck by the opponent in one of the next rounds is deteriorated by another similar foul blow, it leads to the termination of the professional fight;
- if an opponent violates the W5 Rules repeatedly and deliberately neglecting the referee’s warnings and awarding him/her with penalty points.
Victory by abandonment (AB) is awarded to a kickboxer:
- if his/her opponent does not leave his/her corner after the gong sounds in order to continue the professional fight;
- if after the opponent picked up a trauma, the referee and chief doctor of the match think that the fight could be continued, but he/she on his/her own initiative decides to stop the fight.
The decision that the fight has ended in draw (D) is made only when holding professional elimination fights in the following cases:
- if two side judges have opposite decisions on the fight result, and the third judge awards a draw;
- if all the side judges determined the fight result as a draw;
- if two out of three side judges determined the fight result as a draw.
When holding professional champion or contender fights, ending fights in a draw has to be ruled out.
Therefore, should side judges determine the result as a draw basing on the number of points, the supervisor adds an extra round.
EQUIPMENT AND ATTIRE
The match venue has to be in a good light, well-ventilated, house a ring, a table for a Jury, tables for side judges, seats for medical staff and judges’ supporting personnel, press, television and spectators.
Judges umpiring the match have to be provided with a room for judges, a changing room and a room for keeping personal belongings.
Doctors working at the match has to be given a separate medical room equipped with functioning life-supporting equipment and other medical equipment.
Professional champion and elimination fights of kickboxers are held on a ring in the shape of a square installed on a platform. Each side of the ring square has to be not less than 5 metres long and not more than 7 metres long. The size of the platform has to be not less than 8 ´ 8 m, and its height from base has to be within 90× 120 cm.
The ring square is limited by four ropes 3-5 cm in diameter tightly stretched between four corner posts and connected on each side by two connecting strips 3-4 cm in width made of closely-woven cloth rigidly fixed with the first and fourth ropes. Distance from the corner post to the ring ropes have to be not less than 50 cm. The red corner of the ring is to the left of the table of the Jury.
The floor of the ring is to be level, well-fixed, not too springy and be not less than 100 cm beyond the limits of the ropes on each side.
The floor of the ring is to be covered with felt or any springy material meeting safety requirements, which is to be covered with tarpaulin or any other appropriate material to be fixed. The cover is to be not less than 50 cm beyond the limits of the ropes.
Equipment of the ring
Tables are placed for side judges along three sides of the ring, and one table for the Jury along the fourth side.
Degree of lightning the ring has to be not less than 1000 lx. The ring is to be lit from overhead; side lighting with headlights and other light sources during a professional fight are not allowed.
Equipped places for a timekeeper judge and a side judge have to be positioned in close proximity to a W5 representative and supervisor.
These equipped places include a gong, whistles, stopwatches and microphones.
Gloves for fighting and bandages
Kickboxing gloves have to weigh:
8 ounces for weight categories till 75 kg;
10 ounces for weight categories from 75 kg.
Prior to a professional fight a kickboxer straps his/her hands in the changing room in presence of a judge, contestants and his/her opponent’s seconds.
Two types of bandages are used: the first one – made of gauze or crepe not more than 5 m long and 5 cm wide; the second one – made of sticky tape (adhesive plaster) not more than 2.5 m long and 2.5 cm wide. The second bandage is used to fix the main bandage and cannot be placed closer than 2.5 cm to finger joints. The bandages and gloves are to be marked by the match supervisor.
It is forbidden to wet the bandages with any type of liquid.
VI. MEDICAL AND ANTI-DOPING CONTROL
Annual medical examinations
Kickboxers have to undergo annual complete medical examinations, only after which they are entitled to receiving W5 kickboxing licences. When the licence is issued, the results of a medical examination have to include clinical laboratorial research and the opinions medical specialists: neuropathologist, ophthalmologist, surgeon, otolaryngologist, dermatologist, dentist and physician.
The list of clinical laboratorial research includes:
– complete urine analysis;
– complete blood test for hemoglobin, hematocrit and blood group, Wassermann's test, HIV test;
– X-ray of head and neck;
– computed tomography (brain scanning);
– identifying all allergens;
– measurement of pulse frequency and blood pressure; taking temperature; weighing the body.
When examining the kickboxers, medical specialists have to be guided by that the W5 medical commission forbids to issue licences and participation in any matches conducted by W5 to the kickboxers who, if this fact is established, suffer the following diseases:
– various breakdowns, including epilepsy, migraine, and also abnormities identified by computed tomography etc.
– impairment of vision, including myopia higher than five diopters, cataract, retinal detachment, haemophthalmia and exudate;
– hypertension (blood pressure higher than 150/90 after a continuous rest), and also various forms of cardiac abnormalities;
– respiratory diseases, such as chronic asthma, pulmonary emphysema, active tuberculosis, pulmonary infection;
– virulent or chronic diseases of the digestive system, liver, genitourinary disease, including venereal diseases;
– having hernia or elephantiasis of some parts of the body;
– injury of eardrum, virulent or chronic diseases of middle ear, including laryngitis and deafness;
– virulent or chronic diseases of epipharynx, including quinsy, sinusitis, having a removable denture and so on.
– severe abnormalities and deformations in the skeleton that could negatively affect the kickboxer’s performance in the ring;
– infectious skin diseases;
– diabetes and other endocrine system diseases;
– anemia and other virulent and chronic blood diseases.
In the absence of counter-indications, the kickboxer is issued a licence and medical certificate that entitle him/her to participate in the professional ring.
Medical examinations prior to professional champion or elimination fights.
Contestants at professional champion or elimination fights undergo a medical checkup not earlier than one week before they leave for a competition. This checkup has to include clinical and laboratorial research and medical specialists’ opinions as prescribed, except for the computed tomography of the brain (carried out when issuing the licence, or after a kickboxer lost a match by knockout, or at an instruction of the chief doctor where the kickboxer is undergoing medical checkup).
Medical checkup during the weigh-in
The chief doctor is responsible for conducting the medical checkup of kickboxers immediately prior to a fight during the weigh-in.
This check shall include:
– measuring blood pressure and pulse frequency;
– auscultation of lungs and heart;
– thorough examination of ears, eyes and epipharynx;
– checking reflexes and coordination;
– examination of previous injuries if available;
– finding out if a kickboxer used any medications or other preparations to reduce weight;
– identifying if the kickboxer has recently had a headache, problems with eyes, lost attention concentration, general tiredness and so on.
The chief doctor of the match has the right to give orders to take a specimen of blood and urine if the medical check reveals severe body dehydration and taking medicines for reducing weight.
In the absence of counter-indications, the chief doctor makes a note in the kickboxer’s weigh-in card that the contestant can participate in the forthcoming event and endorses the note with his/her or her signature.
Medical checkup after a professional fight
When a professional fight is over, both kickboxers are to be examined in the changing rooms at the chief doctor’s directions.
The results of the examination have to be entered into the kickboxers’ licences and medical certificates.
Medical examination after a knockout
A knocked-out kickboxer can be admitted to participating in professional tournaments if there are no counter-indications, only after having had a two-month recreation and comprehensive medical checkup including:
– brain computed tomography;
– neurology research;
– examination of eyes;
– Any other additional examination compliant with the recommendations of the neuropathologist, ophthalmologist, surgeon, neurosurgeon, physician and other medical specialists taking part in examining the kickboxer’s health after he/she was knocked out.
A kickboxer who has been knocked out two times for the last three months is not allowed to take part in competitions during four months. The kickboxer who has been knocked out three times for the year has to be given a six-month rest, and his/her licence is taken from him/her until he/she has undergone thorough medical examination.
When boxing during a match, kickboxers participating in professional champion and elimination fights cannot be affected by any medical preparations that may give him/her physical or psychological advantage over his/her opponent.
Prior to each professional champion or elimination fight kickboxers have to be informed that after the fight they can be subject to testing for doping, and refusal to undergo the test may result in disciplinary sanctions: disqualification for different time periods and/or fines.
The following medical preparations and substances are forbidden to be used:
– Stimulators (amphetamine, fencamfamine, cocaine and so on);
– pain-killing narcotics (heroin, morphine and so on);
– anabolic steroids (testosterone, nandrolone and so on);
– sleeping pills and depressants (barbiturates, phenobarbital, secobarbital and so on);
– hallucinogenic drugs (marijuana, LSD, mescaline).
– infusion of additional blood, red corpuscles or plasma;
– impacting urine with the purpose of making it hard to detect in it forbidden preparations and substances.
Should a kickboxer test positive for doping, sanctions to be taken by W5 will depend on the composition and concentration of forbidden preparations in the substance after the infringement circumstances have been investigated in detail. In this connection, a kickboxer who has taken doping may be warned, penalized or disqualified up to two years.
MAIN REQUIREMENTS AND LIABILITIES
WHEN ORGANIZING CHAMPION AND ELIMINATION FIGHTS
Venue of champion and elimination fights
Selecting the venue of champion and elimination fights is W5’s exceptional right:
The W5 Federation authorizes a professional kickboxing tournament only on condition that the promoter (organizer of the match) shall fully comply with the requirements to the competition venue, prize fund, judges’ and other specialists’ remuneration, specified in an agreement between W5 and the promoter.
The Parties’ liabilities when organizing and holding professional champion and elimination fights
After conducting negotiations with the promoter, signs an agreement with the promoter pursuant to which the promoter is granted the right to organize and hold a match of professional kickboxers.
Jointly with the promoter approves the number and classification of the forthcoming fights and prize fund amounts.
Ensures that judges are invited and umpire fights.
Ensures contestants’ admission and oversees holding the match in full compliance with these W5 Rules.
Oversees that the prize fund to kickboxers, coaches, managers (clubs) in accordance with contracts concluded and fees to judges are paid correctly.
Ensures holding the professional kickboxing match on the conditions stipulated in an agreement.
After signing an agreement, submits formalized contracts for holding professional fights to W5.
The contracts have to be made and approved by the promoter’s and W5 Federation President’s signatures.
Ensures that the competition venue is prepared: the hall for holding the match, changing room for contestants, room for judges, medical room, press centre, ring equipped in accordance with these W5 Rules, ambulance, required sports equipment, attire and so on.
Assumes all expenses spent on the days of arrival (departure), holding the match, on the accommodation and meals of kickboxers, coaches and officials.
Provides the match contestants with transportation and sends them back to their places of residence by prior request.
Pays business trip expenses and fees to judges.
Procedure of awarding W5 champion belts
The W5 Federation awards champion belts in all the weight categories.
The champion belts are donated by the promoters holding professional champion title fights or are made at the official sponsors’ expense and are W5’s property.
An official champion belt is to be awarded to the winner of a professional champion title fight in the ring.
A W5 champion has to wear his/her champion belt each time he/she gets in the ring for a fight in which he/she is to defend his/her title. The champion takes off his/her belt prior to the professional fight and hands it over to a W5 representative via the referee.
After the professional fight is over, the W5 Federation President or a W5 representative appointed by him/her mounts the ring and hands out an official champion belt to the tournament winner.
INSTRUCTION FOR REFEREE
Main functions of the referee are as follows:
securing accurate and strict adherence to the W5 Rules by kickboxers;
securing kickboxers’ safety; not letting them get seriously traumatized or injured;
overseeing the professional fights; ensuring that kickboxers make the most of their performance;
– being focused and unbiased; not paying any attention to spectators’ shouts, seconds’ various comments at the corners of the ring and to other distracting factors.
1. Referee’s main actions
1.1. Prior to a professional fight, the referee has to:
1.1.1. Check the condition of the ring: the ropes have to be stretched tightly; the cover of the ring cannot have low or high spots; there cannot be any water, ice or foreign objects on it.
1.1.2. Check presence and location of the following officials during the match: a W5 representative, supervisor, chief doctor, timekeeper judge, informing referee, side judges.
1.1.3. Call kickboxers to the centre of the ring to give them a final briefing.
The referee has to introduce himself/herself to the kickboxers and seconds prior to a professional fight and warn the latter that they are responsible for all actions of the kickboxers in the course of the match.
The referee has to clearly and distinctly let the kickboxers and their second know that he/she assumes full responsibility for the course of kickboxing and expects uncompromising struggle at a high sports level, all W5 Rules being observed. He/She also has to warn the kickboxers that should W5 Rules be infringed, appropriate disciplinary measures shall be imposed, which could take the form of awarding penalty points or disqualification.
In conclusion of the briefing, the referee should wish the kickboxers luck and assure them that he/she will not get in the way of the fair professional contest, but if need be, he/she will necessarily interfere.
The briefing should be short in time. A long briefing has no sense and may cause negative response of the kickboxers and spectators
1.1.4. Check if the athletes have gum shields and bandages, the quality of strapping hands, the correspondence of gloves to the prescribed standards and their marking, the correct position of the belt at the level of umbilical notch, if any ointment is applied on the skin, which, in that case, has to be immediately removed. A small amount of Vaseline is allowed to be applied on the face.
1.2. Prior to each round the referee shall:
1.2.1. Oblige the seconds to strictly adhere to the rule of ten seconds, according to which a warning blow sounds 10 seconds before the next round (except for the first one) begins, and the seconds shall leave the ring before the gong sounds.
1.2.2. Ascertain that the corners of the ring are dry, there left no foreign objects, TV cameras and microphones are removed from the ropes at the prescribed distance.
1.2.3. Ensure that the kickboxers do not leave their corners without gum shields and bandages, that the belt is at the level of umbilical notch, that there are no ointments on their bodies forbidden by the W5 Rules.
1.2.4. A few seconds before the gong sounds, come to the centre of the ring, and when the ring sounds, call the kickboxers to resume the contest.
1.3. At the end of each round, the referee shall:
1.3.1. A few seconds before the round is over, approach the kickboxers, ready to give them the command “stop” raising hands upward or, if necessary, separate the kickboxers by force.
1.4. В перерывах между раундами рефери должен:
1.4. During breaks between rounds, the referee shall:
1.4.2. Should a kickboxer let a hard blow to pass at the end of the round, come up to the contestant’s corner and examine him/her in order to see if the professional fight could be continued and then proceed to the neutral corner and take up a position convenient to watch both corners.
1.4.3. Oversee the seconds’ actions and immediately confiscate objects and substances forbidden to use.
1.4.4. Ensure that no manipulations with the kickboxers’ gloves take place.
1.4.5. Get the seconds to leave the ring 10 seconds before a break is over and each of the kickboxers to stay in his/her corner until the gong sounds.
1.4.6. During the break preceding the last round, come to the rings where the kickboxers are having a rest and notify them that the next round is the final one.
1.5. During a professional fight, the referee shall:
1.5.1. Control the kickboxers’ actions in the ring using regular commands by voice and/or gestures; avoid close contact with kickboxers and try to choose a position in such a way that he/she does not hinder their actions, but at the same time can see the full picture of the professional fight.
1.5.2. In case one or both contestants start violating the W5 Rules, immediately take all required measures to stop the infringements and ensure that such actions are prevented in the future; clearly differentiate W5 Rules infringements by their significance based that not all infringements require immediately stopping a professional fight. Only if a kickboxer has repeatedly violated the W5 Rules or such a violation threatens his/her opponent’s health, give the command “stop”; using an emphatic gesture, denote the type of the violation and punish the violator depending on the gravity of the offense. At the same time, using a gesture, show the type of punishment to each of the side judges, pointing at the violator.
1.5.3. Not talk to spectators and seconds; not take or change his/her decisions under the pressure of emotionally excited spectators; focus all his/her attention on the professional fight and kickboxers and especially on their safety.
1.5.4. In case a kickboxer knocks down his/her opponent to the floor, send him/her to the far neutral corner, take such a position when counting out so that he/she can see the kickboxer in the neutral corner. Should the kickboxer leave the neutral corner, stop counting out until the athlete returns to the indicated place, resume counting from the second at which it was interrupted, this score being official and final.
The referee gives the command “Fight!” if he/she believes that the athlete is able to proceed the professional fight after being knocked down. Should the athlete be unable to proceed the professional fight, the referee shall raise his/her hands above his/her head and make several crisscrossing movements by them, indicating that the professional fight is being stopped. If need be, he/she shall remove the gum shield from the kickboxer’s mouth and call the doctor to the ring. Should both kickboxer drop onto the floor after exchanging blows, count out loudly; suspend counting out should one of the kickboxers raised from the floor; send him/her to the neutral corner and proceed counting out flashing his/her fingers before the kickboxer still lying on the floor.
When knockdown takes place, the referee shall not stop counting out after the time of round is over. Unless the kickboxer leaves his/her corner to proceed the professional fight, he/she is declared beaten “due to abandonment”.
1.5.5. The referee has to immediately stop the fight if he/she thinks that the kickboxer’s life is endangered.
1.5.7. In case the W5 Rules regulating kickboxers’ actions are infringed, the referee can administer a caution not interrupting the fight, or give the command “stop” and apply penalties require, in his/her view, including disqualification of one of the athletes. The referee shall ascertain if the injured kickboxer is able to proceed the professional fight or he/she needs to have some rest. (The required rest can last for not more than 5 minutes). He/She shall inform the side judges how many penalty points have been awarded to the W5 Rules violator.
1.5.8. Give especially serious consideration to the injuries related to skin cover cuts and forming haematomas in the area of eyes.
If need be, stop the professional fight and consult the chief doctor of the match in order to know whether the athlete can proceed the fight. After consulting the chief doctor of the match, the referee shall take the final decision.
1.5.9. Give the required number of timeouts for the chief doctor of the match to examine the injuries picked up by the athlete in the course of the match.
1.6. The referee has to move parallel to the kickboxers, staying at some distance away from them and taking up a position in such a way that he/she does not hinder the kickboxers’ actions and, at the same time, observes the full picture of the fight.
2. Symptoms suggesting that a kickboxer has probably been injured
2.2. Excessive relaxation of muscles in the neck.
2.3. Change in the skin tone or having a pale face.
2.4. Breathing with an open mouth or laboured breathing.
2.5. Visible changes in a kickboxer’s footwork; loss of movement lightness; unnatural stance or malposition of body limbs.
2.6. Involuntary muscle twitching (could be caused by excessive lactic acid and/or potassium deficiency in blood).
2.7. Loss of orientation in the ring, for example, going to someone else's corner after the round is over.
2.8. Loss of level-headedness, the state close to shock, which usually manifests itself through vacant and/or glassy look, the loss of coordination in the movement of kickboxer’s eyes.
2.9. Sharp decline in the quality of the kickboxer’s technical and tactical actions, which could be the consequence of his/her exhaustion or an injury got by him.
3. Token gestures
When carrying out his/her responsibilities, the referee shall use main token gestures:
3.1. Beginning of a professional fight: the referee comes to the centre of the ring and points in the direction of the timekeeper judge with one hand and downwards with the other hand. Then he/she spreads hands in the directions of the kickboxers and brings them together calling them to begin the fight.
3.2. Timeout (break during a fight): one hand of the referee held horizontally is placed above the other hand held vertically forming in such a way that they form the likeness of the letter “T”, and the referee gives the command by voice “time”
3.3. The end of the round: the referee raises both his/her hands, pointing his/her open palms towards the kickboxers and gives the command “stop” by voice.
3.4. Blow with an open glove or with any unauthorized part of the glove: the referee touches his/her palm with his/her fist or points to the place in in his/her fist by which the blow was hit.
3.5. The kickboxer slips or falls to the floor as a result of a push but not a blow: the referee lowers fingers in front of his/her torso and makes several swinging movements crosswise.
3.6. Mutual grip (clinch): the referee clenches his/her fists and presses his/her arms bent at the elbow against his/her torso.
3.7. Push: The referee extends both arms forward, palms up, pointing them at the offender.
3.8. Head butting: The referee touches his/her forehead with his/her hand and makes a head movement forward.
3.9. A blow below the belt: Referee makes a bottom-up movement with his/her hands, calling the kickboxers to strike blows on the upper part of their torsos.
3.10. Grip, hold-down: the referee puts one hand under his/her armpit mimicking a type of hold-down.
3.11. Blow on the back or nape: the referee touches the spot on which the foul blow has been struck.
3.12. Knockdown: At the knockdown the referee gives the command “stop” and facing the lying kickboxer, he/she points to the floor of the ring and gesturing with the other hand, he/she sends the contestant standing on his/her feet to the neutral corner.
3.13. The beginning and the end of a professional fight: the referee raises his/her arms and makes an oblique cross with them.
3.14. Stopping the seconds’ remarks: the referee joints the fingertips of one of his/her hands together and in a gesture points in the direction of the second.
4. The referee’s actions in extreme and nonstandard situations
In the course of a fight, situations not described in the W5 Rules may arise. The referee has to know and foresee any scenario of events in the ring and be ready to make the right decision.
INSTRUCTION FOR A SIDE JUDGE
Logics and consistency of thinking should be the main and most important qualities of a side judge based on the exact knowledge of the W5 Rules, full neutrality, impartiality and emotionlessness.
A side judge shall fully concentrate on the course of a professional fight. Spectators’ shouts and the seconds’ various comments in the ring corners and factors cannot distract the referee’s attention and affect his/her decisions and qualities of refereeing.
The judge cannot relax his/her attention not only in each round but also during breaks. During breaks, he/she cannot pay any attention to the surrounding environment and, in particular, to the people sitting next to him. his/her attention has to be fully concentrated from the beginning till the end of the fight. The final result of a fight I most cases is determined by side judges’ decision. This fact emphasizes the necessity of knowing basic priorities and criteria determining the procedure of awarding points by judges. Below are given kickboxers’ actions to be estimated when awarding points.
Priority № 1.
Loss inflicted on an opponent.
The loss is estimated by the number of blows reaching the target, by their total tonnage and impact on the opponent’s condition. For instance, a blow struck to protect an opponent but having an effect of loss is to be taken into consideration when determining the round winner.
Priority № 2
Technical and tactical lead. Tactical rightness.
Is the ability to make an opponent act in a manner uncharacteristic of him; enables to impose the style on an opponent that is the least convenient to him; puts an opponent at a disadvantage from the point of view of capability implementation by him.
Priority № 3
Effective offensive actions.
Active attacking actions are not always identical to effective actions. Only such an activity in a professional fight is assessed when a kickboxer strikes effective and focused blows on an opponent inflicting him/her a loss.
Lead in activity and the number of exact and powerful blows is the main factor for the determining of the winner in a round.
Priority № 4
Fairness of a fight
Should kickboxers be approximately equal in their technical and tactical skills and also in the effectiveness of blows, a side judge has to be very careful to assess the fairness of a fight and select the kickboxer who has infringed the W5 Rules less.
Priority № 5.
Effective protective actions.
Effective protective actions regarding priority comes after priority in technical and tactical skills, the effectiveness of attacking actions and the ability to box cleanly.
At the same time, the art of self-defense should be appropriately assessed by a side judge. Successful ducking or protection from blows shall be assessed, as a result of which the opponents attack is broken up and conditions for effective counter-attacks are created.
Although a draw in a round is undesirable, the side judge cannot, without sufficient grounds, award victory to any athlete.
Each round is scored by the 10-point system according to the W5 Rules. The 10-point system provides that the winner in the round gets 10 points, and the loser gets fewer points but not less than seven.
When counting points, a side judge has to, first of all, be guided by criteria and priorities specified in sections 1-4. At the moment, the system given below seems to be the most acceptable.
The most important factor in developing the counting system is the balance of the assessment of different types of blows and their impact on the opponent when compared to one another. By their quality and result of impact on an opponent, blows are classified as light, tough and heavy, bringing an opponent to the state of a knockdown. Tough blows that achieve the target are taken for a measurement unit. One sudden blow equals three light blows. A kickboxer who stakes on the pureness of the blow, its power, accurateness and efficacy, may achieve the same result as his/her opponent or even get lead over him, striking two or three times less blows than his/her opponent.
Knockdown is a result of a rather powerful accurate blow, higher than which there can be only knockout.
One point has to be given for knockout.
The winner in a round is always awarded 10 points. Should the winner in a round be awarded one penalty point, the score in the round shall be 10:10, but not 9:9. A side judge shall assess the round according to the following scheme:
a) 10:10 – equal round or when the kickboxer who has won the round is awarded with one penalty point for the infringement of the W5 Rules;
b) 10:9 – the kickboxer from the round corner has little lead;
c) 10:8 - the kickboxer from the red corner has big lead;
d) 10:8 – equal round; at the end of the round, the kickboxer from the blue corner was knocked down;
e) 10:7 – the kickboxer from the red corner has big lead, and the kickboxer from the blue corner was knocked down;
f) 10:7 the kickboxer from the red corner has big lead, and the kickboxer from the blue corner was knocked down three times (the score cannot be more than 10:7);
g) 9:10 – the kickboxer from the red corner has little lead; at the end of the round he/she was knocked down;
h) 10:10 - the kickboxer from the blue corner has little lead, but the referee awards him/her one penalty point (– 1) for infringing the W5 Rules;
i) 8:10 – equal round, but the referee awards two penalty points to the kickboxer from the red corner for infringing the W5 Rules;
Filling out the scorecard.
The scorecard shall be filled out by a side judge in a legible handwriting.
Only having made sure that the scorecard has been filled out correctly, the side judge can hand it over to the referee. In case the side judge is mistaken when scoring (mixed up corners, incorrectly deducted penalty points and so on), he/she shall neatly cross out the wrong figure with one line, write the correct figure next to it and put his/her signature.
Should the referee award penalty points to the kickboxer for infringing the W5 Rules, it shall be reflected in the scorecard. The side judge shall score the kickboxers’ performance taking into consideration penalty points, about which an entry shall be made in the column “penalty points”.
INSTRUCTION FOR THE CHIEF DOCTOR OF A MATCH
The chief doctor appointed to work at a W5 professional kickboxing match shall be guided by the following rules and regulations.
1. Prior to a professional fight before the weigh-in, the chief doctor shall:
1.1. Check and make sure the following is available at the competition venue:
1.1.1. A properly equipped medical room.
1.1.2. Functioning portable life-supporting equipment, including oxygen cylinder and masks.
1.1.3. Stretchers under the ring.
1.1.4. A telephone at ringside to communicate with neurosurgical and traumatology units in the nearest hospital, with which there is an agreement about the potential hospitalization of kickboxers.
2. Prior a professional fight, during the weigh-in
2.1. Сheck the kickboxers’ licences, medical certificates, insurance policies, paying a special attention to the following data:
2.1.1. Number and results of professional fights, their types and the date of the last fight. A kickboxer beaten six times in a row can be admitted to a fight only in three months’ time after the favourable result of the medical examination, including computed tomography of the brain.
2.1.2. Number of knockouts and the date of the last knockout.
A kickboxer who has been knocked out one time, has no right to engage in kickboxing competitions for two months. In case a kickboxer has suffered two knockouts for the last three months, he/she needs to have at least a four-month break. A kickboxer who has been knocked out three times for the last twelve months has no right to engage in fights for six months’ time starting from the moment he/she was last knocked out. The kickboxer can be admitted to participating in professional fights only if no abnormalities in the kickboxer’s health are identified after a comprehensive medical examination is conducted, including the computed tomography of the brain.
2.1.3. Age of kickboxers:
The maximum age is 36 years and the minimum one 14 years. The exception could be an athlete older than 36 years, the champion title holder and defending the W5 champion title.
2.2. Conduct the medical examination of the kickboxers, during which be guided by the following:
2.2.1. The following athletes are not admitted to the contest:
126.96.36.199. Not having active pulmonary pathology, for instance, severe upper respiratory inflammation, bronchitis, pneumonia and so on.
188.8.131.52. Having high blood pressure.
Blood pressure cannot exceed 150/90, except for the cases when the doctor thinks that an increase in the pressure is caused by needless excitement. To check it, pressure is to be measured several times.
184.108.40.206. With organic lesion of heart or who underwent heart surgery. To establish these facts, the doctor has the right to check if there are any scars in the chest or in the area of heart.
220.127.116.11. Suffering hernia or elephantiasis of some parts of the body.
18.104.22.168. Suffering retinopathy, spontaneous lachrymal fluid excretion, and also retina disorders.
22.214.171.124. Suffering epilepsy, spontaneous convulsions and so on.
126.96.36.199. Having skin covering injuries, furuncles, carbuncles an contaminated wounds.
188.8.131.52. Who underwent operations with stitches put on his/her face or ears not earlier than six weeks ago.
184.108.40.206. Using removable denture.
2.2.10. The bones of whose arms and hands were broken not later than six weeks ago.
220.127.116.11. Suffering any serious kidney diseases, kidney pathology or missing one kidney.
18.104.22.168. Suffering ear infection diseases.
22.214.171.124. Перенесшие операции в области мозга.
126.96.36.199. Who underwent surgery in the brain area.
188.8.131.52. Suffering severe deformations in the skeleton and body.
184.108.40.206. Running temperature (higher that 37.0°C).
2.2.2. The athlete shouldn’t have visible changes in his/her gait, psychic condition or in the manner of his/her bahaviour before the beginning of a contest.
Having identified the type and extent of these abnormalities, the doctor decides if the kickboxer can be admitted to the fight.
3. During a professional fight
3.1. At the ringside:
31.1. The doctor can be a physician, surgeon, neurosurgeon, resuscitator or he/she can have some other qualifications, but he/she has to have experience in treating traumas and injuries occurring in kickboxing.
3.1.2. The chief doctor has to be absolutely unbiased, interested neither in the result of a professional contest nor in the success of any of the kickboxers.
3.2. Right during a professional fight:
3.2.1. The chief doctor has the right to stop a fight via the referee at any time if in the chief doctor’s opinion, there is a threat that the kickboxer will be seriously injured or takes too many hits. This exceptional right of the doctor cannot be appealed either by the referee or by the Jury. The chief doctor shall work in close contact with the referee, giving consultations both by his/her own initiative and upon the referee’s request.
3.2.2. When a knockout occurs, the chief doctor is the first and the only person who has the right to provide medical care to the kickboxer in the ring before he/she is placed in care of his/her seconds. It is prohibited to move the kickboxer who has been knocked out until the chief doctor authorizes to do so.
3.2.3. If a kickboxer takes a lot of hard hits to his/her head, the doctor shall check during a break between rounds:
220.127.116.11. The level of consciousness: if the kickboxer is aware who and what he/she is, if he/she remembers his/her coach’s name and so on.
18.104.22.168. Prolonged consciousness lapses: the kickboxer answered questions in the previous break, but he/she cannot answer them several minutes later in the next break between rounds.
22.214.171.124. Duality of an image: if the kickboxer can make out one, two, three fingers, or he/she sees objects double etc.
3. 2. 3. 4. Eye pupils: if they are equal in size or not.
126.96.36.199. Pupillary light reflex: the doctor has to have a mini-source of light, and the response of both pupils to light has to be adequate. If one of them does not respond to light, it means that disorders in response have started in the kickboxer.
188.8.131.52. Strength of both hands in comparison: considerable differences suggest abnormalities.
184.108.40.206. Balance stand, sensitivity, gait, being able to think: if considerable changes in the condition appeared before the fight. A special attention should be given to glassy look.
3.2.4. If a kickboxer who was knocked out and was on the floor of the ring for 30-40 seconds all the reactions restored within this time and he/she can get up with someone else’s assistance, it is obvious that he/she has suffered a light brain concussion, and everything will turn out all right. But if the kickboxer is unable to rise from the floor of the ring during one minute or longer, he/she has to be hospitalized to the nearest neurosurgical department for not less than 24 hours for a comprehensive examination. The chief doctor submits a report to the W5 medical commission about the fact that the kickboxer has been knocked out and makes an appropriate entry in the kickboxer’s licence.
3.2.5. During a fight, it is prohibited to use any narcotic means or stimulators.
3.2.6. It is prohibited to use iron-bearing powders or solutions in order to stop bleeding. It is allowed to use adrenalin in the ratio of 1:1000 or avetin.
3.2.7. Putting stitches. If the type of an injury requires that, it is done in a medical room or in a first aid room in the sterile condition. A memorandum report is to be written about the type of an injury and about putting stitches by the chief doctor and submitted to the W5 medical commission and an appropriate entry is to be made in the kickboxer’s licence.
4. After a professional fight
4.1. The chief doctor shall examine kickboxers in the changing rooms after fights are over.
4.2. If need be, kickboxers can be subject to urine test for doping (in W5 champion title fights, this procedure is obligatory). At the same time, kickboxers and their chief seconds have to be notified in advance if they are subject to the test before the fight, after the fight or in both cases.